Obstetrics & Gynecology & General Surgery located in Las Vegas, NV
PCOS stands for polycystic ovarian syndrome and is a common hormonal disorder affecting women of reproductive age. While the exact cause is unknown, it’s thought to have a genetic component. Other factors that play a role include excess insulin and androgens. At WHASN Meadows, with multiple offices in and around Las Vegas, Nevada, our experienced providers can help if you are suffering from PCOS. Call our office or schedule an appointment online today.
PCOS Q & A
What are symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)?
Signs and symptoms of PCOS vary but most commonly include:
Infrequent or prolonged menstrual cycles are the most common sign of PCOS. For example, you may have only a few periods a year or more than 35 days between periods.
Androgen is often thought of as a male sex hormone, but women also carry androgen. Too much androgen can lead to symptoms, such as face and body hair (hirsutism), severe acne, and male-pattern baldness.
Your ovaries might contain follicles surrounding the eggs, causing the ovaries to enlarge. Because of the many follicles, it makes it difficult for your ovaries to produce a mature egg, resulting in failed ovulation.
How is PCOS treated?
Your doctor will first recommend lifestyle changes, such as better eating habits and more exercise, to help combat some of the signs and symptoms of PCOS. Obesity is commonly associated with PCOS, so losing just 5% of your body weight can help manage symptoms and increase the effectiveness of medications.
To help manage PCOS, your doctor may prescribe medications, including:
Combination birth control pills
These pills contain estrogen and progestin to decrease androgen production and regulate estrogen, helping you have a regular menstrual cycle.
This is an oral anti-estrogen medication taken in the first half of your cycle to help you ovulate.
This medication helps to improve insulin resistance and lower insulin levels, which are both common in women with PCOS.
What are the complications of PCOS?
Losing weight can help reduce your risk of complications from PCOS. Some complications of PCOS include:
- Gestational diabetes
- Pregnancy-induced hypertension
- Type 2 diabetes or prediabetes
- Metabolic syndrome — a cluster of high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and high cholesterol or triglycerides
- Sleep apnea
- Depression and anxiety
- Abnormal uterine bleeding
- Uterine cancer
Not everyone with PCOS will develop complications. Taking care of yourself by eating well and exercising will help reduce your risk of complications from PCOS.
If you suspect you have PCOS or want to know more about this condition, our experienced providers at WHASN Meadows can help. We frequently care for women with PCOS and help them to have regular menstrual cycles and minimal symptoms. Call our office today or reach out online to learn more.
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